Explanation: All population figures and depicted boundaries are based on output areas officially assigned to the 2011 built-up areas. Farmers in their remote farmhouses on the windswept pastures might dig themselves some bucketfuls of coal for their hearth. [6], List of places in Caerphilly County Borough, "The History of the Upper Rhymney Valley", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caerphilly_County_Borough&oldid=977882245, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with missing country, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 September 2020, at 15:00. Caerphilly is a county borough in southern Wales, straddling the ancient county boundary between Glamorgan and Monmouthshire. At its peak before World War I, it was producing over a million tons of coal a year and employing nearly three thousand people. The King promised Llywelyn that if the charges were found true, he would be hanged. His grandson Gruffydd ap Rhys was the final Welsh lord of Sengenhydd, falling to the English nobleman Gilbert de Clare, the Red Earl, in 1266. It is bordered by Cardiff to the southwest, Newport to the southeast, Torfaen to the east, Blaenau Gwent to the northeast, Powys to the north, Merthyr Tydfil to the northwest and Rhondda Cynon Taf to the west. [3], Tradition states that a monastery was built in the area by St Cenydd, but this claim lacks support. The town was rebuilt but remained very small throughout the Middle Ages. The A469 trunk road runs through the town north to south, while the A468 skirts the northern boundary of the town.

Caerphilly County Borough is in southeast Wales and straddles the border between the historic counties of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire. [20], This article is about the town of Caerphilly. These include comedian Tommy Cooper, Newport County midfielder David Pipe, Juventus and Arsenal midfielder Aaron Ramsey, as well as Cardiff City F. C. and Wales footballer Robert Earnshaw, whose family relocated to the town from Zambia. [7][8] With only interior remodelling carried out to the castle by Hugh le Despenser in the 1320s, Caerphilly Castle remains a pure example of 13th century military architecture and is the largest castle in Wales, and the second largest in Britain (after Windsor).[7][9]. Its main and largest town is Caerphilly. Caerphilly hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1950. Caerphilly is a town and community in South Wales, at the southern end of the Rhymney Valley. [3] An excavation of the site in 1963 showed that the fort was occupied by Roman forces until the middle of the 2nd century.

There are five principal centres within Caerphilly county borough: Caerphilly, Blackwood, Risca, Bargoed and Ystrad Mynach – Caerphilly being the largest with a population of 33,2361.

[4] In 1267 Henry III was forced to recognise Llywelyn ap Gruffudd as Prince of Wales, and by September 1268 Llywelyn had secured northern Sengenhydd. The original town of Caerphilly grew up as a small settlement raised just south of the castle by De Clare. In coming to the defence of his people, Llywelyn Bren, the great grandson of Ifor Bach and Welsh Lord of Senghenydd incurred the wrath of de Turberville, who charged him with sedition. The castle of Caerphilly was used as a filming location for Merlin and the Doctor Who episodes The Rebel Flesh and The Almost People (2011). In 1752, a 99-year lease was granted for a parcel of land in the Rhymney Valley which gave the lessees the right to mine coal and iron ore. Other such transactions followed, pitshafts were dug and the coal industry developed. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, passport, country of birth, ethnic group, religion). All are located on the Rhymney Line serving Cardiff. Some of the larger towns are Bedwas, Risca, Ystrad Mynach, Newbridge, Blackwood, Bargoed, New Tredegar and Rhymney. [4] Nonetheless, the district was formerly named Senghenydd after him, and Cenydd's son, St Ffili, is said to have built a fort (Welsh: caer) in the area and thus gave the town its name. [19] The fleet persists today as a heritage operation. It is the largest town in Caerphilly County Borough, within the historic borders of Glamorgan, on the border with Monmouthshire. Caerphilly railway station was opened in 1871, and in 1899 the Rhymney Railway built their Caerphilly railway works maintenance facilities; however, the expansion of the population in the 19th century was more to do with the increasing market for coal. Caerphilly County Borough Profile (PDF 42kb) Wales Profile (PDF 42kb) Area profiles.

Caerphilly (Welsh: Caerffili; [kɑːɨrˈfɪli]) is a county borough in southern Wales, straddling the ancient county boundary between Glamorgan and Monmouthshire. It was part of plans to build a wider Arts Centre with exhibitions, workshops and talks.[17]. Construction recommenced in 1271 and was continued under the Red Earl's son, Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Gloucester. They burned the town, slaughtered some of its inhabitants and started a siege.

It is a commuter town for Cardiff and Newport, 7.5 miles (12 km) and 12 miles (19 km) away respectively, and is separated from the Cardiff suburbs of Lisvane and Rhiwbina by Caerphilly mountain. [5] In 2008, as a result of representations from different communities in the borough, a draft plan was put forward proposing various changes to the borders between communities. [1], The northern part of the borough is formed by the broad expanse of the Rhymney Valley. [10] The first evidence of its emerging importance was the construction of a court house in the 14th century, the only pre-19th century building remaining in the town. The town has hosted two food fairs, the Caerphilly Food Festival, which is held on the streets of the town, and the Big Cheese Festival, which has been held in and around Caerphilly Castle every summer since 1998. Both events showcase the agricultural heritage of the county.

It is the largest town in Caerphilly County Borough, within the historic borders of Glamorgan, on the border with Monmouthshire.

At the 2011 Census, the town had a population of 41,402[1] while the wider Caerphilly Local Authority area has a population of 178,806.[2]. The population development of the settlements in Caerphilly. Machen Agricultural Show is usually held on the first Saturday of July, and Bedwellty Agricultural Show, which is now held at the prestigious grounds of Llancaiach Fawr Manor, during August. It is governed by Caerphilly County Borough Council.

Protests and a prayer meeting were held outside the Castle Cinema on the evening of 14 December 1976, when the Pistols were playing a concert there. The town's site has long been of strategic significance. Census 2011 ward profiles Ward profiles using data collected during the 2011 Census for Wales. At the 2011 Census, the town had a population of 41,402 while the wider Caerphilly Local Authority area has a population of 178,806. The rail service between Caerphilly and Cardiff Queen Street typically takes 13 minutes. Repairs to the castle continued until at least 1430, but just a century later the antiquary John Leland recorded that the castle was a ruin set in marshland, with a single tower being used as a prison. In 1315 he replaced de Badlesmere with a new English administrator, Payn de Turberville of Coity, who persecuted the people of Glamorgan. Rhoose Cardiff International Airport railway station is 59 minutes from Caerphilly by public transport (there is a daily direct rail service to the airport each morning). During the 1700s, Caerphilly began to grow into a market town, and during the 19th century, as the South Wales valleys underwent massive growth through industrialisation, so too the town's population grew. By the middle of the 12th century the area was under the control of the Welsh chieftain Ifor Bach (Ifor ap Meurig). Caerphilly Urban District Council (UDC) had its own fleet of buses, which began operating in 1920 although powers to operate them had been obtained by the UDC in 1917. [13] The event includes a wide variety of cheese stalls as well as a funfair, fireworks[14] and a cheese race around the castle.[15]. It hosts a fundraising musical event called Megaday. The population development of Caerphilly. A notable report was on the reductions in vascular disease, diabetes, cognitive impairment and dementia attributable to a healthy lifestyle.[18]. [6] The castle would also act as a buffer against Llewelyn's own territorial ambitions and was attacked by the Prince of Wales' forces before construction was halted in 1270.

[3], The county borough was formed on 1 April 1996 by the merger of the Rhymney Valley district of Mid Glamorgan with the Islwyn borough of Gwent. Considering the population of Wales in the last eight years, the percentage of growth is slow but consistent. Caerphilly (/kaɪərˈfɪli/; Welsh: Caerffili, Welsh pronunciation: [ˌkɑːirˈfɪlɪ]) is a town and community in South Wales, at the southern end of the Rhymney Valley. This section provides links to those sources, including Census information. The coal eventually became depleted and the colliery closed in 1967. Most of the site was cleared but the East Winding House survives and is now a Grade II listed building, and a museum of the coal industry in the area has been opened on the site. [5] Another explanation is that it is named after the Anglo-Norman Marcher Lord, Philip de Braose. It is a 35-minute drive from the town. At the beginning of the 15th century the castle was again attacked, this time by Owain Glyndŵr, who took control of the castle around 1403–05. The Caerphilly and Speedwell Collaborative Group", http://welsh-transport-heritage.co.uk/rhymneyvalleydc.htm, Geograph- Photos of Caerphilly and surrounding area, Celtic Trail (including NCR 46 and NCR 47), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caerphilly&oldid=974742395, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 August 2020, at 19:07.

[1], Located on the edge of the South Wales Coalfield this area was sparsely populated with livestock husbandry being the main occupation. However, tabulated area figures refer to (typically smaller) actual built-up areas in order to present a more realistic population density. Answer: Caerphilly (Caerffili), United Kingdom (Administrative unit: Wales) - last known population is ≈ 179 900 (year 2014).This was 0.28% of total United Kingdom population.If population growth rate would be same as in period 2011-2014 (+0.22%/year), Caerphilly population in 2020 would be: 182 282*. The nearest airport is Cardiff which is just under 20 kilometres (12 mi) away. The icon links to further … Since 1979, a representative sample of adult males born between 1918 and 1938, living in Caerphilly and the surrounding villages of Abertridwr, Bedwas, Machen, Senghenydd and Trethomas, have participated in the study. Caerphilly is featured in the Sex Pistols documentary The Filth and the Fury. Profiles are also provided for the whole of Caerphilly county borough and Wales. Population. The valley also includes the communities of Abertysswg, Fochriw, Pontlottyn, Tir-Phil, Brithdir, New Tredegar, Aberbargoed, Rhymney and Ystrad Mynach, and the towns of Bargoed and Caerphilly. From there services continue to Penarth, Cardiff Central, or on occasion Bridgend. Then like many in northern Europe at the time, the region was in the throes of a serious famine. [16] In the Winter there is also the Festival of Light, which involves the procession of hundreds of lanterns through the centre of the town. Around AD 75 a fort was built by the Romans during their conquest of Britain.

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